Grade 10 Religions – Unit 3 Notes


 Unit 3

Key Term and Definitions

Covenant-The relationship and agreement between God and his people

Torah- law or instruction for the Hebrew people

Prophet-Spokesperson or messenger for God

Revelation-God communicating himself in stages (e.g. through prophets, through creation)

Parable- a story which often uses comparison to reveal a moral

The Chosen people-The people God formed a covenant with and were lead from slavery to live the revelation

Kingdom of God- Symbol used by Jesus to reveal his actions to us

The Church-the community founded at Pentecost

New covenant- God entering human culture and making his relationships more personal with us. We become co-heirs to the kingdom

Grace-God’s love for us, God’s goodness

Incarnation-God becoming human in the flesh

Kingdom of God as a Gift-God goodness and generosity for us. We experience this through Jesus

Paschal Mystery-The death and resurrection of Jesus

Abba-the name Jesus had for God, it means father

How God shapes the Hebrew Culture

  • Beliefs
    • Keep faith in God
    • Must obey God
    • God as protector and Saviour
  • Values
    • Taken from the commandments
    • Respect for others and creation and life
    • Don’t idolise anything over God
  • Tradition
    • Passover
    • Sabbath
    • Circumcision
  • Law (Ten Commandments, Torah, Must follow)

Parable of the Prodigal Son

  • God is the father that forgives him
  • Younger son is the sinner
  • Older brother is a hypocrite, he believes all his life but does not live the way that God wants him to (he is jealous and refuses to forgive)
  • Ring is for respect
  • Washing of the feet is welcome and forgiveness
  • Your sins will be forgiven if you truly repent
  • God loves you no matter what

Parable of the Vineyard

  • No matter which time you enter the faith at, you will go to heaven if you believe in God
  • The workers are humans
  • The owner is God
  • In the kingdom of God, everyone is equal

The Ten Commandments

  1. I am the Lord your God: you shall not have strange gods before me.
  2. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
  3. Remember to keep holy the Lord’s Day.
  4. Honour your father and your mother.
  5. You shall not kill.
  6. You shall not commit adultery.
  7. You shall not steal.
  8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour.
  9. You shall not covet your neighbour’s wife.
  10. You shall not covet your neighbour’s goods.

How is Jesus present in our culture today?

  1. Jesus acts through people
  2. Jesus acts through people who choose to be in communion with him
  3. Jesus acts through word of the scripture
  4. Jesus acts through the liturgy
  5. Jesus acts in witness of the people

Disambiguation of above

  • We are (try to become what God wants us to be)
  • We shape our culture
  • This is our vocation
  • We are living in the kingdom of God
  • Christians believe that God chose them
  • We turn to Jesus for fulfillment
  • The scriptures reveals good
  • The holy spirit is present at church, which is why we go there
  • Jesus is always watching over us

Symbols relating to the Paschal mysteries

  • The cross is the pain and humiliation of Jesus when he was crucified. It is also reminding us of what he taught
  • The empty tomb shows life from new death. It is a symbol of hope, from death comes life.
  • The whole meaning of the Paschal mysteries is that Jesus suffered and died to save us