FSF3U1 Grade 11 French General Review

FSF3U1 Grade 11 University French General Review Study Notes

Topics:
– Passé composé
– Imparfait
– Futur Simple
– Conditionnel
– Subjonctif

Passé Composé
– Used to express a completed action in the past, e.g. I watched television last night.
– For –ER verbs, place the conjugated form of AVOIR between the subject and the participe passé remove the ER and add an É to the end, e.g. using REGARDER, Hier soir, j’ai regardé la télé.
– For –IR verbs, remove the IR and add an I to the end of the participe passé, e.g. using FINIR, Tu as fini tes devoirs.
– For –RE verbs, remove the RE and add a U to the end of the participe passé, e.g. using VENDRE, Il a vendu les choses.
– Memorize participe passes for irregular verbs, e.g. AVOIR becomes EU, VOULOIR becomes VOULU, etc.
– DR. MRS. VANDERTRAMP verbs use the conjugation of être rather than avoir.
– These verbs are usually dealing with physical movement of one place to another.
– While using these verbs, an accord has to be made.
– If the subject is feminine, add an e to the end of the participe passé, and if the subject is plural, add an s
– The verbs are: devenir, revenir, monter, rester, sortir, venir, arriver, naître, descendre, entrer, rentrer, tomber, retourner, aller, mourir, partir
– E.g. Elle est allée, Ils sont partis, Elles sont montées

Imparfait
– Used to express an ongoing, repeated, or undefined action in the past.
– These actions either go for a really long time or are unspecified
– Take the nous form of the verb in present tense, and remove the ONS, then add the endings: je: ais, tu: ais, il/elle/on/qui: ait, nous: ions, vous: iez, ils/elles: aient
– E.g. Je jouais les sports – means I played sports for an unspecified length of time
– Only irregular verb is être which uses the ét- with endings, e.g. j’étais jeune

Imparfait vs. Passé Composé
– When an action is being done and is interrupted by another action, the interrupting action is always passé composé while the interrupted action is always imparfair
– E.g. I was watching television when the phone rang – Je regardais la télé quand la téléphone a sonné.
– Imparfait actions represent long term, while Passé Composé represents short term

Futur Simple
– Represents a future event that is going to occur
– Take the infinitive of the verb and add the correct conjugation of the verb AVOIR to the end, except for nous and vous, which use –ons and –ez respectively
– E.g. They will play basketball – Ils joueront le basketball
– Memorize the bases for irregular verbs, e.g. ALLER becomes IR, FAIRE becomes FER, SAVOIR becomes SAUR, etc.

Conditionnel
– Represents something that would have been changed if something else had happened
– Uses a combination of imparfait and future
– Take the radical of the future form of the verb, and add the imparfait ending, e.g. tu jouerais, elle finirait
– ALWAYS uses the word “SI”
– Imparfait ALWAYS follows SI and conditionnel is always the other conjugation
– E.g. Si________(imparfait),….je/tu/il/etc._________(conditionnel)
– E.g. Je/tu/il/etc._________(conditionnel)…..si________(imparfait)
– E.g. We wouldn’t have went to the movies if it was cold – S’il faisait froid, nous n’irions pas au cinema.

Subjonctif
– Used when there is a phrase such as “It is a must that…” or “It is necessary that…”
– Take the ils form of the verb in present tense and remove the ENT, then add the endings: je: e, tu: es, il/elle/on/qui: e, nous: ions, vous: iez, ils/elles: ent
– E.g. Il faut que tu joues les sports.
– Usually used with irregular verbs such as ALLER, AVOIR, FAIRE, etc.
– E.g. Il faut qu’on fasse les devoirs chaque jour.
– Memorize the conjugations of these verbs, they’re so irregular, there’s no way of finding any patterns