ENG2D Grade 10 Academic English – Macbeth Translation Act 4

Scene 1

Plot Events: The witches gather on the moor to meet Macbeth.  He makes then promise to answer his questions.  The witches conjure up magic apparitions which at first comfort, and then alarm him.

The 3 witches are in a cave at the moor.  In the centre of the cave is a boiling cauldron.

  • First Witch says the brindled cat (brown with stripes of some colour) meowed 3 times
    • Second Witch says the hedgehog has whined three times and once more (4)
    • Third Witch says Harpier (monster)  is yelling “It’s time, it’s time”
  • First Witch tells them to dance around the cauldron and throw in the poisoned entrails
    • First Witch holds a toad, saying the toad will go first—the toad sat under a cold rock for a month, and has poison oozing from its pores
  • the witches chant: “double double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble)
  • Second witch holds a slice of a marshland snake, saying she’ll boil it next
    • she then says “all the rest of you in too: a newt’s eye, a frog’s toe, fur from a bat, a dog’s tongue, a forked tongue of Adder, the stinger of a blind-worm (legless lizard), a lizard’s leg, a baby owl’s wing)
      • she then says to the ingredients: “make a charm of powerful trouble, that’s strong enough for the devil”
  • the witches all chant: “double, double toil and trouble; fire burn and cauldron bubble”
  • Third Witch says she’s putting in more ingredients: scale of a dragon, a wolf’s tooth, a medicine made from dead bodies, stomach and throat of a shark who’s stomach is filled with humans, hemlock’s root, a Jew’s liver, a goat’s gall, twigs of yew that were broken off during a lunar eclipse, a Turk’s nose, a Tartar’s lips, finger of a baby that was strangled as a prostitute gave birth to it in a ditch
    • she then says to the ingredients: “make this potion thick and gluey”
    • she then says to the other witches to add a tiger’s entrails to the mix
  • all the witches chant: “double, double toil and trouble; fire burn and cauldron bubble”
  • Second Witch says they’re going to cool the mixture with baboon blood; after the baboon blood, the charm is finished

Hecate enters.

  • Hecate tells the witches they’ve done a good job, and she admires their efforts, and they will all share the rewards; she then asks them to sing around the cauldron like a ring of elves and fairies enchanting all the ingredients of the charm

The witches sing.

  • Second Witch says that she can tell that something wicked is coming, as there’s tingling in her thumbs; she tells the doors to open for whoever is knocking

Macbeth enters.

  • Macbeth asks the witches what’s going on, and says the witches are secret, evil and midnight hags
    • the witches reply they’re doing something in which there isn’t a word for
  • Macbeth tells the witches he doesn’t know how they do the things they do, but he insists that they answer his questions
    • he commands the witches in the name of whatever dark powers they serve to tell him what they know (even if their knowledge came from the devil), saying he doesn’t care if they unleash violent winds that tear down churches, make the foamy waves overwhelm ships sending sailors to death, flatten crops and trees, make castles fall down on its inhabitants, make places and pyramids bend, and mix up everything in nature; all he wants is the witches to tell him what he wants to know
  • First Witch tells Macbeth to speak; Second With tells Macbeth to demand what he wants; Third Witch tells Macbeth they’ll answer his questions
  • First Witch asks Macbeth if he’d rather hear the answers from the witches, or the witches’ masters
    • Macbeth tells the witches to call their masters, as he wants to see them
  • First Witch says to pour in the blood of a female pig who has eaten her litter of 9 piglets (only an unnatural pig would do this, meaning its blood would be poisonous), as well as taking the sweat of a murderer on the gallows and to throw it into the flame
  • all the witches chant: “come, high or low sprits; show yourself and what you do”

Thunder occurs, and the First Apparition comes (an armed head).

  • Macbeth says to the apparition, `tell me you unknown power—“
    • First Witch says to Macbeth the apparition can read Macbeth’s thoughts, so he need only listen and not speak
  • First Apparition tells Macbeth to beware Macduff the thane of Fife; apparition then says “dismiss me, enough”

First Apparition descends (back through trapdoor in the stage). 

  • Macbeth says to the apparition that whatever it is, he’s thankful for its advice; he adds that the apparition guessed exactly what he feared
    • Macbeth says “but one more word—“
      • Macbeth is interrupted by the First Witch, as she tells him the apparition won’t be commanded by Macbeth
  • First Witch tells Macbeth the second apparition will be stronger than the first

Thunder occurs, and the Second Apparition appears (a bloody child).

  • Second Apparition calls for Macbeth three times
    • Macbeth says in response that if he had 3 years, he would listen with all 3
  • Second Apparition says to Macbeth to be violent, bold and firm; he tells Macbeth to laugh at the power of other men, because no one of woman born can ever harm him

Second Apparition descends.

  • Macbeth says that he doesn’t need to kill Macduff, since he has no reason to fear Macduff; Macbeth then says but even so, he’ll be doubly sure that fate keeps its word by having Macduff killed, which he said would allow him to tell his fears they are false, thus allowing him to sleep soundly at night despite thunder

Thunder occurs and the Third Apparition appears in the form of a child with a crown on his head, and a tree in his hand.

  • Macbeth asks what is this apparition that looks like the son of a king with a crown on his young head
    • the witches tell him to listen but not speak
  • Third Apparition tells Macbeth to be brave like the lion and proud; he says to Macbeth not to worry about who hates, resents, and conspires you, as Macbeth won’t be defeated until Birnam Wood marches to fight you at Dunsinane Hill

Third Apparition descends.

  • Macbeth says Birnam Wood can never march, as no one can command a forest and make the trees pull their roots out of the ground
    • Macbeth tells the witches the apparitions brought sweet omens, as he believes his murders will never come back to threaten him until the forest can get up and move; Macbeth believes since it can never move, he’ll be king for his entire life
    • despite the 3 prophecies, Macbeth is still worried about one thing, and asks the witches if they can use their dark powers to see if Banquo’s sons will every rule
      • the witches tell Macbeth to not try and find out more
      • Macbeth says to the witches that he demands to be satisfied, and that if the witches refuse, he’ll let an eternal curse fall on them
  • Macbeth then asks why the cauldron is sinking, and what the music he hears is

Music is heard and the cauldron begins to sink.

  • First Witch says “show”; Second Witch says the same thing; Third Witch says the same also
    • all the witches then say “show him and make him grieve; come like shadows and depart in the same way”

8 Kings are seen, and the last one has a mirror in his hand, followed by the Ghost of Banquo at the end.

  • Macbeth says to the ghost that it looks too much like Banquo, and demands it leave
  • as the kings walk by Macbeth one by one, he says to the first king that its crown hurts his eyes
    • Macbeth says to the second king that his blond hair, which looks like another crown underneath the one he’s already wearing, looks just like the first king’s hair
    • Macbeth then says that the third king looks just like the second king
  • Macbeth asks the witches, calling them filthy hags, and asked them why they’re showing all these kings to him
  • Macbeth sees the fourth king, and says to let his eyeballs start falling out of their sockets
  • Macbeth asks if the line of kings will stretch on forever; he then sees the seventh king
  • when Macbeth sees the 8th king, Macbeth sees that the mirror he’s holding shows many more men
    • some of the kings in the mirror are carrying double balls and triple sceptres, meaning they’re kings of more than one country
  • Macbeth then says he sees it’s true—Banquo’s descendants will be king, as Macbeth sees that Banquo (who has blood in his hair) is smiling at Macbeth and pointing at the kings as Banquo’s

The kings/apparitions vanish.

  • Macbeth asks the witches if what he saw was going to be true
  • First Witch replies to Macbeth and says yes it will be true, and asks Macbeth why he stands there so dumbfounded
    • First Witch then tells the other witches to cheer Macbeth up by showing him their talents; she says she’s going to charm the air to produce music while all the witches dance Macbeth, in order to let Macbeth know they honour Macbeth

Music plays, and the witches dance.

Witches vanish.

  • Macbeth asks “Where are they? Gone? Let this evil hour be marked forever in the calendar as cursed!”
  • Macbeth calls outside, saying “You outside, come in!”

Lennox enters.

  • Lennox asks Macbeth what Macbeth needs.
  • Macbeth asks Lennox if he’s seen the witches, and Lennox replies no he hasn’t
    • Macbeth then asks again, wondering if the witches passed by Lennox; Lennox replies no
  • Macbeth says the air on which the witches ride is infected; he then damns all those that trust witches
  • Macbeth then says he heard the galloping of horses, and asks what/who it was
    • Lennox tells Macbeth that it was 2/3 men who brought the message that Macduff had fled to England
      • Macbeth asks for clarification, saying “Fled to England?”; Lennox replies yes
  • Macbeth says to himself that Macduff’s escape ruined Macbeth’s plans; Macbeth adds that unless a person does something the second he thinks of it, he’ll never get a chance to do it; he vows to himself that from now on, as soon as he decides something he’s going to act on it immediately
    • Macbeth says he’ll start following up on his thoughts with actions right now—he says he’s going to raid Macduff’s castle, seize the town of Fife, kill Macduff’s wife and kids, and anyone else who stands in line of Macduff’s inheritance
      • Macbeth says he’s not going to waste anymore time, and is going to do the deed before he loses sense of the deed’s purpose
  • Macbeth asks Lennox to bring the messengers to him

 

Scene 2

Plot Events: Lady Macduff questions Ross about her husband’s flight, and then tries to explain the situation to her little son.  A messenger warns her to flee from the palace, but it’s too late—the Murderers rush into the room.

Lady Macduff, her son and Ross are in Fife, at a room in Macduff’s castle. 

  • Lady Macduff asks Ross what Macduff did that made him flee Scotland
    • Ross says to Lady Macduff she must be patient; Lady Macduff replies saying Macduff never had patience—he was crazy to run away (when someone isn’t a traitor for what they’ve done, they’re still a traitor by being afraid and running away)
      • Ross tells Lady Macduff she doesn’t know whether it was wisdom or fear that made him flee; Lady Macduff says it couldn’t be wisdom as he left his wife, house, children, and titles in a place so unsafe that he flees it
      • Lady Macduff says Macduff doesn’t love her and her kids; she says Macduff lacks natural instinct to protect his family; she adds that even the smallest of birds will fight against an owl when it threatens her young
      • Lady Macduff says Macduff running away has everything to do with fear, and nothing to do with live; she adds since it’s unreasonable for him to run away, it has nothing to do with his wisdom either
  • Ross says to Lady Macduff (his dearest relative) that he begs her to pull herself together; he adds that Macduff is noble, wise , and judicious (good judgement) and Macduff understands what the current times require
    • Ross tells Lady Macduff it’s not safe for him to say this, but times are bad when people get denounced as traitors for no reason; he adds that in those times, people believe frightening rumours (despite many not knowing what to fear); Ross says it’s like getting tossed around in the ocean in every direction, and finally getting nowhere
  • Ross says he’s going to leave, and he says he’ll be back soon; Ross adds that when things are at the worst, they have to stop or else improve to the way things were before
  • Lady Macduff says Macduff is a father, but he is fatherless; Ross says he has to go, cause if he stays any longer, he’ll embarrass Lady Macduff and disgrace himself by crying

Ross exits.

  • Lady Macduff says to her son that Macduff is dead; she asks her son what he’s going to do now, and how he’s going to live
    • the Son replies he’ll live the way the birds do; Lady Macduff is shocked, and asks if he’s going to eat worms and flies
      • the Son replies he meant he’ll live on whatever he gets (like birds do); lady Macduff said her Son would be a pitiful bird, and that he wouldn’t know enough to be afraid of traps
      • Son asks why he should be afraid of traps, as since he’s a pitiful bird, no hunter would want him; he ends of saying that no matter what Lady Macduff says, Macduff isn’t dead
  • Lady Macduff assures her Son that Macduff is dead, and asks Son what he will do for a father; Son replies by asking how she will do for a husband
    • Lady Macduff says she can buy 20 husbands at any market; Son says if she can get husbands so easily, she won’t want to keep them (and would thus want to sell them again)
      • Lady Macduff says that her Son is like a child, but still very smart
  • Son asks Lady Macduff if Macduff was a traitor; Lady Macduff says yes, Macduff was
  • Son asks Lady Macduff what a traitor is; Lady Macduff said someone who swears and lies
    • Son asks if everyone who swears and lies is a traitor; Lady Macduff says yes, everyone who does so is a traitor
      • Son asks who should hang these traitors; Lady Macduff said the honest men would
      • Son says the traitors fools, as there are enough traitors in the world to beat up the honest men and hang them; Lady Macduff laughs
  • Lady Macduff asks her Son again what he will do without a father; Son says if Macduff was dead, lady Macduff would be weeping, and since she isn’t weeping he’ll soon have a new father

A messenger enters.

  • Messenger says to Lady Macduff that she doesn’t know him, but he knows Lady Macduff is an important person; he tells Lady Macduff that danger is coming towards her, and tells her to flee with her children, as the harm is getting close

Messenger exits.

  • Lady Macduff wonders where she should go, and says she hasn’t done anything wrong; however, she reminds herself she’s on Earth where doing evil is praised and doing good is sometimes as stupid and dangerous
    • she wonders why she uses her womanless to say she’s done no harm

Murderers enter.

  • Lady Macduff asks who these men that just entered are
  • First Murderer asks her where her husband is; Lady Macduff says she hopes Macduff is in a place so disreputable that the murderers can’t find him
  • First Murderer says Macduff is a traitor; Son says to the First Murderer that the First Murderer is a lying “shag-haired” villain
    • First Murderer says to Son: “What you egg (retard/runt)?  Young son of a traitor!”

Son is stabbed.

  • Son says to Lady Macbeth that the First Murderer has killed him, and tells Lady Macduff to run

Lady Macduff exits, crying “Murder”.  The murderers run after her.

 

Scene 3

Plot Events: Safely away from Scotland, Macduff has been telling Malcolm about the sufferings of Scotland.  At first, Malcolm doesn’t trust Macduff, telling Macduff he will be a greater tyrant (oppressive/cruel ruler) than Macbeth because he is more wicked.  Macduff is distressed, but when Malcolm sees Macduff’s sorrow, he explains that he told lies about himself to test Macduff’s loyalty.  Ross also brings bad news to Macduff.

Malcolm and Macduff are outside the King’s palace in England.

  • Malcolm says to Macduff they should find a shady place where they can sit down alone, and cry their hearts out
    • Macduff says that instead of crying, they should hold their swords and defend their fallen homeland of Scotland like honourable men; Macduff adds that each day new widows and new orphans cry, and new sorrows slap heaven in the face, until the grief cries up to heaven, and the skies seem to feel Scotland’s sorrow, for heaven’s cries echo the same note
  • Malcolm says he’ll avenge whatever he believes is wrong, and he believe what he feels is true; Malcolm says he’ll put right whatever he can
    • Malcolm comments that Macbeth whose mere name is so awful it hurts them to say it, was once an honest man, and says that Macduff used to be one of Macbeth’s favourites; Malcolm also adds that Macbeth hasn’t done anything to harm Macduff
      • Malcolm says since Malcolm’s inexperienced, he doesn’t know if Macduff is trying to betray Malcolm in order to favour Macbeth (adds that perhaps Macduff is using Malcolm to become closer with Macbeth)
      • Macduff says he isn’t a traitor
      • Malcolm says Macbeth is a traitor and that even someone with a good and virtuous nature might give way to a royal command (Malcolm doesn’t trust Macduff)
  • Macduff says he’s lost all hope of trying to convince Malcolm to fight against Macbeth
    • Malcolm says he suspicious of Macduff because of the suddenness Macduff fled Scotland, and Malcolm asks why he left his wife and child, the most precious things in his life behind
    • Malcolm says to Macduff to not interpret Malcolm’s suspicions as slander, as Malcolm is only trying to protect himself; Malcolm says Macduff might be honest but he doesn’t believe him
  • Macduff says Macbeth should go ahead and be more tyrant, as all the good people are afraid to stand up against him; Macduff tells Macbeth (figuratively) that he should enjoy everything he’s stolen
    • Macduff says to Malcolm that Macduff wouldn’t be the villain Malcolm thinks he is, even if Macduff was offered all of Macbeth’s kingdom and more
  • Malcolm says to Macduff to not be offended, as Malcolm doesn’t completely distrust Macduff; he adds that he does think Scotland is sinking under Macbeth’s ruling, and each day Macbeth rules, it hurts Scotland even more
    • Malcolm adds he thinks there are many people who are willing to fight for Malcolm; he says the English have promised thousands of their troops
    • Malcolm adds that even if Macbeth was killed, Scotland would be plagued with worse evil than it was before, as the people would suffer worse and in more ways than ever under the reign of the king that succeeds Macbeth
      • Macduff asks what Malcolm’s talking about
      • Malcolm says he’s talking about himself, and that Malcolm has more vices than Macbeth, thus meaning Scotland will call Macbeth a sweet lamb compared to Malcolm
  • Macduff tells Malcolm even in hell you couldn’t find any more worse than Macbeth
    • Malcolm says he knows Macbeth is murderous, lecherous, greedy, lying, deceitful, violent, malicious, and guilty of every sin known to man; Malcolm tells Macduff that there is no end to Malcolm’s sexual desires—all women (wives, daughters, grandmothers) together couldn’t satisfy Malcolm’s lust
      • Malcolm says his desire would overpower all restraints and anyone that stood in his way; he adds that it’d be better for Macbeth to rule than someone like Malcolm
  • Macduff says endless greed and lust in a man’s nature is a kind of immorality/cruelty, adding it has caused the downfall of many kings; he tells Malcolm to not be afraid to take the crown which truly belongs to Malcolm
    • he says Malcolm can find a way to satisfy his desires in secret, while still appearing virtuous , and therefore deceive everyone; Macduff says there are more than enough women willing to be with Malcolm, thus meaning Malcolm’s lust can’t possibly be so strong that he’d use up all the women willing to satisfy the king with his desires
  • Malcolm says to Macduff that not only is he full of lust, but he’s also incredibly greedy, and if he became King, he would steal the nobles’ lands, take jewels and homes from the citizens; he adds the more he gets the greedier he’ll be, until the point he would invent false quarrels with his subjects, destroying them so that he could get their possessions
    • Macduff says that the greed Malcolm’s talking about is worse than his lust, because you can’t outgrow greed like you can lust (lust disappears as you age); Macduff adds greed has been the downfall of many kings, but tells Malcolm to not be afraid as Scotland has enough treasures to satisfy his greed
      • Macduff adds that Malcolm’s bad qualities are bearable when balanced out with his good ones
  • Malcolm says that he doesn’t have any good sides—he doesn’t have a trace of the qualities which a king needs, like justice, truth, moderation, stability, generosity, perseverance, mercy, humility, devotion, patience, courage and bravery
    • he says instead of good qualities, he is overflowing with many vices (immoral behaviour); he adds that if he had power, he would take the peace in the world and throw it down to hell; he says if he could, he’d say “to hell with harmony”
  • Macduff says “o Scotland, Scotland!”
    • Malcolm adds that if someone like him with his bad qualities was fit to be king, Macduff should let him know; he adds that he really is how he described himself to be
  • Macduff tells Malcolm that Malcolm’s not fit to be king, or a human being
    • Macduff adds that Scotland is a miserable nation, ruled by a tyrant (Macbeth—who earned the crown through bloodshed), and he wonders if Scotland will ever see peaceful days again
    • Macduff says that the Malcolm, who has a legal right to the throne is by his own admission, is a curse and disgrace to the royal family
      • Macduff says Duncan was a virtuous king, and that Malcolm’s mom spent more time praying than she did standing
  • Macduff prepares to leave—he says goodbye to Malcolm, and says all hope for Scotland is dead, after realizing Malcolm’s character
  • Malcolm says that he’s seen Macduff’s passionate outburst, which proved his integrity, thus removing any doubt Malcolm had of Macduff
    • Malcolm adds that Macbeth had tried many times to trick Malcolm into Macbeth’s power, and Malcolm’s prudence prevents him from believing people too quickly
    • Malcolm adds that with God as his witness, Malcolm says he will follow Macduff; Malcolm also takes back what he said he was as a person, as he had none of the flaws he said he had
      • he adds he’s still a virgin, never told a lie, and barely care about what he owns (let alone be jealous of another person’s possessions), never broken a promise, would never betray himself for the devil, loves truth as he does life
      • he says the lies he told about his character previously were the first false words he has ever spoken
  • Malcolm says the person who he really is, is ready to serve Macduff and Scotland
    • Malcolm says before Macduff even arrived, old Siward had 10 000 soldiers already preparing for battle and making their way to England; Malcolm says they’ll fight Macbeth together, and they wish the chances of their success be as great as the justice of their cause
  • Malcolm asks Macduff why he’s so silent; Macduff says it was hard for him to make sense of the different stories

The Doctor enters.

  • Malcolm says to Macduff they’ll speak more of this soon
  • Malcolm says to the doctor if the king’s out
    • Doctor says King Edward is out, and a crowd of sick people are waiting for him to heal them
      • Doctor comments that the people’s illness confounds the most advanced techniques of modern medicine, but when King Edward touches them, they heal immediately because of the power King Edward was granted from heaven
  • Malcolm thanks the doctor

The Doctor exits.

  • Macduff asks Malcolm what disease the doctor was talking about
    • Malcolm says the disease is called evil (tuberculosis); King Edward’s touch is a miracle that Malcolm has seen the King perform many times during Malcolm’s stay in England; Malcolm adds he doesn’t know how King Edward received such gifts from heaven
      • Malcolm says the King only cures people with strange conditions—people who are swollen, plagued by ulcers, pitiful to look at, patients who are beyond the help of surgery
      • Malcolm says King Edward cures them by placing a gold coin around their necks and saying holy prayers over them
      • Malcolm says that King Edward has passed his ability to heal onto his royal descendants
      • Malcolm says along with his healing powers, King Edward also has the gift of prophecy, and other abilities; all his abilities mark him as a man graced by God

Ross enters.

  • Macduff asks Malcolm who it is that’s approaching them
    • Malcolm says that by the person’s dress, it’s a Scottish countryman; Malcolm says he doesn’t recognize him
  • Macduff says to Ross “my noble kinsman, welcome”; Malcolm says he recognizes the man now, and tells him that may god alter the circumstances that keep them apart
  • Ross says hello to Macduff; Macduff asks Ross if Scotland is the same as when Macduff left it
    • Ross says Scotland is too frightened to look at itself, and that Scotland is no longer their mother but instead their grave
      • Ross says no one ever smiles, except the fool that knows nothing
      • everyone sighs, groans and shrikes, and these sounds fill the air, and no one notices
      • he says violent sorrow is a common emotion
      • he also says when the funeral bells ring, no one cares who it is that died
      • he adds good men die before the flowers in their caps wilt; they die before they even fall sick
  • Macduff tells Ross that Ross’ report sounds very true
  • Malcolm asks Ross what the most recent news/grief is; Ross says even news an hour old is old news, as every minute another awful thing happens
  • Macduff asks Ross how Lady Macduff is doing; Ross says Lady Macduff is doing well
    • Macduff then asks about his children; Ross tells Macduff the kids are fine also
  • Macduff asks Ross if Macbeth has tried to attack their family; Ross tells him the family was “at peace” when Ross left them
    • Macduff tells Ross not to be stingy with his words, and asks what’s going on
  • Ross says that while he was coming to tell Macduff of the sad news, he heard rumours that many good men are arming themselves to rebel against Macbeth; he then adds that when he saw Macbeth’s army on the move, he knew the rumours must be true
  • Ross tells Malcolm they need Malcolm’s help; Malcolm’s presence in Scotland will inspire people to fight—even the women would want to rid themselves of Macbeth
    • Macbeth tells Ross to tell the Scottish people that he’s returning to Scotland, and that King Edward has sent the noble Siward and 10 000 soldiers; Malcolm says there is no soldier that is more experienced or successful than Siward in the entire Christian world
  • Ross tells Malcolm that he wishes he could repay the happy news with good news; Ross says he has some news that should be howled in a barren desert where nobody can hear it
    • Macduff asks Ross what the news is about, and asks if the news affects all of them or just one of them
  • Ross says no decent man can keep from sharing in the sorry, and says the news affects only Macduff
    • Macduff tells Ross not to keep the news from him; Ross says he hopes Macduff won’t hate him forever after he tells Macduff the news, as Ross is soon to fill Macduff’s ears with the most dreadful news
      • Macduff says he can guess what Ross is going to say
  • Ross tells Macduff that Macduff’s castle was attacked, and his wife and children slaughtered; Ross adds that if he were to tell Macduff how they were killed, that the news would kill Macduff as well
    • Malcolm says “merciful heave”
  • Malcolm says to Macduff to not keep his grief hidden, and to put his sorrow into words; Malcolm adds that the grief Macduff keeps inside will whisper into his heart and break it
  • Macduff asks Ross if they killed Macduff’s kids; Ross tells Macduff that the men killed his wife, kids, servants and anyone they could find
  • Macduff regrets being away; Macduff asks Ross again if his wife was killed; Ross said he already answered that
  • Malcolm says they’ll cure the awful grief by taking revenge on Macbeth
    • Macduff tells Malcolm that that Malcolm doesn’t have kids, so he doesn’t understand his rage
      • Macduff says he can’t believe all his kids were killed
  • Malcolm tells Macbeth to fight it like a man
    • Macduff says he will, and that he also has to feel it like a man; Macduff adds that he can’t remember the things that were the most important to him
      • Macduff wonders if heaven saw the slaughter, but didn’t offer help
      • Macduff says it was his fault his family was killed, as his family did nothing to deserve their deaths; he asks God to rest his family’s souls in peace
  • Malcolm tells Macduff to let his anger sharpen his sword, and to transform his grief into anger; Malcolm tells Macduff not to block feelings in his heart, but instead let them loss in rage
  • Macduff says he could go on weeping like a woman and bragging about how he’ll avenge for his family; instead, he says to heaven not to keep him waiting, and to bring him face to face with Macbeth, the devil of Scotland
    • he asks Macbeth to be put within range of his sword, and if Macbeth escapes, may heaven forgive Macduff as well
  • Malcolm says to Macduff that now Macduff sounds like a man; Malcolm says they should go see King Edward
    • Malcolm adds that the army is ready, and all they have to do now is say goodbye to King Edward; he adds that Macbeth is ripe for the picking
      • Malcolm says they`ll be acting as God`s agents; he tells Macduff to cheer up as much as he can, as a new day will come at last