Plot Events: Banquo suspects Macbeth, but he still hopes that the witches’ prophecy may also come true for him. He promises Macbeth that he will return in time for the feast, and then leaves Macbeth alone on the stage. Macbeth reveals his inmost thoughts, before the Murderers are brought in, and a new plot is started.
Banquo is in a room at Forres (the King’s castle).
- Banquo says to himself that Macbeth has it all—he’s king, thane of Cawdor, and thane of Glamis, just like the witches promised
- Banquo adds that he suspects Macbeth cheated to earn these titles; as well he says the crown won’t go to Macbeth’s descendants, as Banquo’s sons and grandsons would be kings instead; he believes that if Macbeth’s prophecies came true, his would as well
A trumpet sounds. Macbeth enters as king, Lady Macbeth as queen, Lennox, Ross, Lords, Ladies and attendants.
- Macbeth says to Lady Macbeth that Banquo’s their most important guest
- Lady Macbeth adds that if they forgot Banquo, their big celebration wouldn’t be complete or any good
- Macbeth says to Banquo that tonight they’re having a banquet, and he wants Banquo to be there
- Banquo replies that whatever the king commands him to do, it’s his duty to do it
- Macbeth then asks Banquo if he’s riding this afternoon, and Banquo tells Macbeth he is
- Macbeth tells Banquo that they would have liked to have heard Banquo’s good advice which has always been serious and helpful in council later that day
- Macbeth then asks how far Banquo is riding; Banquo replies he’ll be riding until dinner (and adds he’ll be back sooner if his horse goes faster than expected); Banquo says he’ll be back an hour or two after sunset
- Macbeth tells Banquo not to miss his feast, and Banquo says he won’t
- Macbeth also says they hear the king’s two sons (the murderers) have hidden in England and Ireland, and haven’t confessed to murdering Duncan, and that the sons have made up strange lies to their hosts
- Macbeth adds that he’ll discuss the king’s sons further tomorrow, and tells Banquo to hurry up and go riding; he asks Banquo if Fleance is going with him
- Banquo tells Macbeth Fleance is going with him
- Macbeth says he hopes Banquo and his son’s horses ride fast; Macbeth says goodbye to Banquo
- Macbeth says to everyone that they can do as they please until 7 P.M.; he adds everyone will keep himself until dinner, and says God be with you to everyone
Everyone exits except Macbeth and a servant.
- Macbeth tells the servant he needs a word with him; he asks are “those” men waiting for him
- the Servant says they’re waiting outside the palace gate
- Macbeth tells the Servant to bring the men to him
The Servant exits.
- Macbeth says to himself to be the king is nothing if he’s not safe as the king; he adds he’s afraid of Banquo, as he feels Banquo is being very noble, and this fears Macbeth; he adds that Banquo is willing to take risks and Banquo’s mind never stops working, as Banquo has the wisdom to act bravely, but safely as well
- Macbeth adds that the only person he’s afraid of is Banquo, as around Banquo, Macbeth’s guardian angel is frightened, just like how Mark Antony’s angel supposedly feared Octavius Caesar
- Macbeth says Banquo chided the witches when they first called Macbeth king, they told Macbeth that Banquo’s sons would be king—he adds the witches gave him a crown that Macbeth can’t pass on, as someone outside Macbeth’s family will take it away from him, as no son of his will take his place as king
- Macbeth then adds that if the witches are right, he’s killed Duncan for Banquo’s sons; therefore Macbeth ruined his own peace for Banquo’s benefit, and given his soul to the devil for Banquo’s sons
- Macbeth adds that he won’t let Banquo’s prophecy come true, as he’s going to challenge fate to battle and fight it to the death
- Macbeth asks who’s there
The servant returns, with two murderers.
- Macbeth tells the servant to stay at the door, until Macbeth calls for him.
The servant exits.
- Macbeth asks the murderers if it was just yesterday they spoke to each other
- the First Murderer agrees, and says yes it was
- Macbeth asks the First Murderer if the Murderer thought about what Macbeth said; he adds to the murderers that they should know that Banquo made their lives hell, even though the murderers thought it was Macbeth’s fault
- Macbeth tells the murderers that he was innocent of making their lives miserable, and he reminds them of the proof he showed them yesterday; he reminds them that yesterday he showed them how the murderers were deceived, thwarted, and the things that were used against the murderers, and other proof that made it obvious it was Banquo that made their lives miserable
- First Murderer tells Macbeth that indeed Macbeth explained it all
- Macbeth tells the murderers he did more than explain, and tells them the purpose of their second meeting—he asks the murderers if they’re patient and forgiving that they’ll let Banquo off the hook; he asks if the murderers are pious, and that they pray for Banquo and his children despite Banquo having pushed the murderers and their family into poverty
- First Murder says to Macbeth that the murderers are men
- Macbeth says indeed they are men just like how hounds, greyhounds, spaniels, lapdogs, and wolves are dogs; he adds that if you list the different kinds of dogs according to their qualities, you can distinguish the dogs by speed, intelligence, hunters and watch dogs—you can classify each dog by their gifts
- Macbeth tells the murderers that if they don’t want to be at the very bottom of the list of men, he has a plan that’ll get rid of the murderers enemies, and bring the murderers close to Macbeth
- Macbeth adds that as long as Banquo lives, Macbeth will be ill
- Second Murderer says that he’s been kicked around so much and so angry he doesn’t care what he does anymore
- First Murderer says that he is the same—he’s so sick of bad luck and trouble that he’d risk his life as long it could either fix his life, or end it
- Macbeth tells the Murderers that they must know Banquo is their enemy, and both murderers agree
- Macbeth adds that Banquo is his enemy also, and adds that every minute Banquo is alive, it eats away at his heart; Macbeth says that since he is king, he can use his power to get rid of him, but Macbeth says he can’t get rid of Banquo because Banquo and Macbeth have mutual friends, and these mutual friends are important to Macbeth (meaning Macbeth has to cry over Banquo’s death publicly even though Macbeth is the one who would kill him)
- Macbeth adds that the reason he needs the murderers help is to hide Macbeth’s real plans from the public
- Second Murderer asks what the king wants them to do; First Murderer says “though our live—“ but is interrupted by Macbeth
- Macbeth says that he can see the determination in the murderers eyes; he tells murderers that within the next hour he’ll tell the murderers where to go and exactly when to strike; he tells the murderers that the deed must be done that night, away from the palace, and that Macbeth must be free of suspicion
- he tells the murderers they must kill Banquo and Fleance, and Fleance’s death is just as important as Banquo’s
- Macbeth tells the murderers they must make up their mind about whether they’re going to do this, and Macbeth adds he’ll come see the murderers soon
- both murderers agree they’re going to do it; Macbeth tells them to stay inside the palace, as he’ll call for them soon
The murderers exit.
- Macbeth says to himself the deal is closed—he adds that if Banquo’s soul is going to heaven, it’s going tonight
Plot Events: Macbeth and his wife are both worried. He tells her that he is going to take some action, but won’t tell her what it is.
Lady Macbeth and a Servant are in another room in the King’s palace.
- Lady Macbeth asks the Servant if Banquo has left the palace
- the Servant says Banquo has left and will return tonight
- Lady Macbeth tells the servant to tell Macbeth that: she wants to talk to Macbeth when Macbeth has time to spare
- the Servant says no problem and leaves
The Servant exits.
- Lady Macbeth tells herself that they have gained nothing and lost everything, as they’re not satisfied after getting what they wanted; she adds that it is better to be killed, than be the killer who is tormented due to his crimes
- Lady Macbeth asks her husband what’s going on, and why he keeps to himself, and why he’s sad all the time; she adds those sad thoughts should’ve died when the subject of the thoughts (Duncan) died
- she tells Macbeth that if you can’t fix something, you shouldn’t give it a second thought—what’s done is done
- Macbeth tells his wife that they have slashed the snake but not killed it, and the snake will eventually heal and be as good as new, and they’ll be threatened by the snake’s fangs once again (Macbeth feels that although he is evil, his evilness is feeble and it is in danger now, just as it was before Duncan’s death from righteousness)
- Macbeth says the universe will fall apart and heaven and Earth will crumble before he’ll eat his meals in fear and spend his nights tossing and turning due to his nightmares
- he’d rather be dead than endure the endless mental torture and sleep deprivation
- Macbeth adds that he killed those men and sent them to rest in peace so that Macbeth could gain his own peace; he says Duncan lies in his grave, no longer having life troubles and is therefore sleeping well
- he says they’ve already done the worst they can do to him with their treason—no further weapons, poison, rebellion, invasion or anything else will hurt him
- Lady Macbeth tells her husband to relax and put on a happy face, and look cheerful and agreeable in front of his guests
- Macbeth says that’s exactly what he’ll do, and he hopes Lady Macbeth will do the same; he reminds her of Banquo’s prophecy, and he asks Lady Macbeth to give Banquo her special attention, and to talk to Banquo in a way that makes Banquo feel important
- he adds they’re in a dangerous situation, and they need to flatter Banquo and hide their true feelings (because their titles as king and queen must be clean
- Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth they need to stop talking like this
- Macbeth says he feels his mind is full of scorpions; he adds to his wife that she must know that Banquo and Fleance are still alive
- Lady Macbeth says that Banquo and his son can’t live forever; Macbeth says that’s comforting, but Banquo and his son can be killed as well; he adds that before the bat flies through the castle and before the dung beetle makes his little humming noise to tell them it’s night-time, a dreadful dead will have been done
- Lady Macbeth asks Macbeth what he’s going to do
- Macbeth says it’s better if Lady Macbeth doesn’t know about what’s happening, and instead applaud the deed after it’s done
- Macbeth says to the night to hurry up and come, and to blindfold the kindhearted day; he asks the night to use its bloody and invisible hand to tear up Banquo’s lease on life, and therefore clear Macbeth of fear
- Macbeth then says to himself that the sky’s getting dark, and the crowds are returning home to the woods; he adds the gentle creatures of the day are falling asleep, while night’s predators are waking up to look at their prey
- Macbeth then tells Lady Macbeth that she seems surprised at his words, but asks her not to question him yet; he adds that bad deeds force him to commit more bad deeds, and asks Lady Macbeth to follow him
Plot Events: A third murderer appears unexpectedly, and helps to murder Banquo.
Three Murderers are in a park, with a road leading to the palace.
- First murderer asks the Third Murderer who asked the Third Murderer to join them
- the Third Murderer says it was Macbeth
- Second Murderer says they can trust the new murderer, because the new murderer was given the same orders as the First and Second Murderers
- First Murderer tells the Third Murderer to stay with them; he adds that there’s still a bit of daytime left, and all the late travellers are hurrying to reach their inns; he says Banquo is very near
- Third Murderer hears horses; Banquo is heard from the distance to be saying “give us some light here”
- Second Murderer says it must be Banquo coming as the rest of the King’s guests are already inside the castle
- First Murderer says that they can hear Banquo’s horses moving around as his servants take them to the stables (after a long journey the horses would be sweating, and it would be necessary for the grooms to walk them until they were cool)
- Third Murderer adds that there’s a mile to the palace gate, but Banquo like everyone else, usually walks from “here” to the palace
- the Second Murderer sees a light, and the Third Murderer says it’s Banquo; the First Murderer says to prepare themselves
Banquo and Fleance enter with a torch.
- Banquo says it will rain tonight
- the First Murderer says “then let the rain comedown”
The Murderers attack Banquo.
- Banquo says this is treachery (betrayal); he tells Fleance to run and that someday he can get revenge
Banquo dies, and Fleance escapes.
- Third Murderer asks who put the light out; First Murderer says wasn’t that the best thing to do
- Third Murderer says there’s only one body and that Fleance ran away
- Second Murderer says they failed in half of their mission
- First Murderer says they should get out of the woods and go tell Macbeth what they did accomplish
Plot Events: Macbeth and his wife welcome the guests to their state banquet. The Ghost of Banquo appears, but only Macbeth can see it. Lady Macbeth and the other guests are startled by Macbeth’s strange behaviour.
Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Ross, Lennox, Lords and attendants are at the banqueting hall in Macbeth’s castle.
- Macbeth says to the Lords that they know their own ranks, and therefore know where to sit; he says from the highest to the lowest of the lords, he welcomes everyone
The Lords sit.
- all the Lords say “thanks to your majesty”
- Macbeth says he will walk around and mingle with everyone, as he’s the humble host; he adds his wife will stay in her royal chair, but at the appropriate time he’ll have her welcome them all
- Lady Macbeth says to Macbeth to say welcome to all their friends for her, as in her heart, they’re all welcomed
First murderer appears at the door.
- Macbeth tells his wife that the lords respond to her with their hearts as well; he says the table is full on both sides and he’ll sit in the middle; he tells everyone to be free and happy and they’ll drink from a measure (a cup of wine passed around the table, in which each man would drink from)
Macbeth approaches the First Murderer at the door.
- Macbeth says to First Murderer that the First Murderer has blood on his face
- First Murderer says it must be Banquo’s blood
- Macbeth says he’d rather see Banquo’s blood on the First Murderer’s face than Banquo’s blood flowing through Banquo’s body; he asks the First Murderer if the murderers finished Banquo off
- First Murderer says he personally cut Banquo’s throat
- Macbeth says the First Murderer is the best at cutting throats; he adds that whoever cut Fleance’s throat must be good as well; Macbeth then also adds that if the First Murderer cut Fleance’s throat as well, than the First Murderer would be the absolute best at cutting throats
- First Murderer tells Macbeth that Fleance escaped
- Macbeth says he’s now scare again; he says if Fleance was killed he would’ve been perfect (solid as marble, firm as rock, free as air); but now that Fleance is still alive, Macbeth’s tangled up with doubts and fears
- Macbeth asks the First Murderer if Banquo was taken care of
- First Murderer says Banquo is dead in a ditch with 20 gashes in his head, and the smallest of the wounds could’ve killed him
- Macbeth thanks the First Murderer for killed Banquo; he adds that the adult snake is dead in a ditch, and the young snake escaped, and eventually Fleance will become poisonous and threatening; he does acknowledge that for now, Fleance has no fangs
- Macbeth tells First Murderer to leave, and he tells the murderer that he’ll speak with him tomorrow
First Murderer leaves.
- Lady Macbeth tells her husband that he’s not entertaining the guests—she says if he doesn’t make the guests feel welcomed, the guests will feel like they’re paying for their meal (a banquet is no better than a meal that is sold unless during the course of the banquet, the guests are often told by the host how welcome they are
- she says if the Lords just wanted to eat, they could’ve done it at their home; she says when someone eats out with people, they need a little more ceremony—otherwise dinner parties would be boring (the courtesies of a formal occasion give the food an extra sauce; without this sauce of ceremony, a gathering of people for a meal would be poor)
- Macbeth says it’s nice of his wife to remind him
- Macbeth raises a glass to toast his guests, and says since good digestion requires a good appetite, and good health requires both of these, there’s to good appetites, digestion and health
- Lennox says to Macbeth to have a seat
The Ghost of Banquo enters and sits in Macbeth’s place.
- Macbeth says we would have all the nobility of Scotland at the feast if only Banquo was here; he adds that he hopes Banquo is late out of rudeness, and not because something happened to Banquo
- Ross says Banquo’s absence means he broke a promise to the king; Ross then says if it pleases Macbeth, Macbeth should sit with Ross and entertain them with Macbeth’s royal company
- Macbeth says Ross’ table is full
- Lennox says there’s an empty seat, and Macbeth asks “where”
- Lennox points to where the Ghost is sitting, and says “Here my good lord. What’s wrong, your highness?”
- Macbeth sees the ghost, and says “Which one of you did this?”
- Lords ask Macbeth what he’s talking about
- Macbeth says to the ghost, “You can’t say I did this. Don’t shake your bloody head at me.”
- Ross says to everyone to stand up, as the King is not well
- Lady Macbeth says for everyone to sit down, and Macbeth is often like this, and has been like this since childhood—she says it’s a brief fit, and that in a moment Macbeth will be well again
- she says if they pay too much attention to Macbeth it’ll make him angry, thus making his convulsions last longer; she asks everyone to eat their dinner and pay no attention to Macbeth
- Lady Macbeth asks Macbeth if he’s a man
- Macbeth says yes he is a man, and he’s a brave man who dares look at something that would frighten the devil
- Lady Macbeth says that’s nonsense, and it’s another one of Macbeth’s hallucinations he always gets when he’s afraid; she gives examples of his past hallucinations such as the dagger that lead him to Duncan
- Lady Macbeth says Macbeth’s outbursts don’t even look like real fear, and more like how a person would act if they were a woman telling a scary story by the fireside in front of her grandmother
- Lady Macbeth says Macbeth should be ashamed, and asks why he’s making these faces; she says that when the hallucinations pass he’ll see that he looks like a stool
- Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth to look over there (at where the Ghost is)
- Macbeth asks the Ghost what it has to say, and asks that if it can nod, then it should speak; he says if the dead are going to return from their graves, then there’s nothing to stop the birds from eating the bodies, so there’s no point at all in burying people
The Ghost vanishes.
- Lady Macbeth asks Macbeth if his foolishness has paralyzed him completely (stopped him from being a man)
- Macbeth says as sure as he is that he’s standing, he’s as sure that he saw the ghost
- Lady Macbeth says that’s nonsense
- Macbeth says that in ancient times before there were laws making the land safe, a lot of blood was spilled; however, even after the laws, murders have been committed that are too awful to speak of; he adds that before the laws, if you knocked a man’s brain out, the man would die and that would be it
- he says now the dead rise from their 20 fatal head wounds and push the living off their stools; he says the haunting business is even stranger than murder
- Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth that Macbeth’s noble friends miss his company
- Macbeth says he forgot their company
- Macbeth says to his guests not to be alarmed on his account, and that he has a strange disorder which no longer shocks those who know him well
- he asks everyone to drink a toast to love and health
- Macbeth then says he’ll sit, and asks for his cup to be filled with wine
- he says he drinks to the happiness of everyone at the table, and to their dear friend Banquo who they all miss; Macbeth says he wishes Banquo was there
- the Lords acknowledge the toast by saying “our duties, and the pledge”
Ghost of Banquo reappears in Macbeth’s seat.
- Macbeth says to the ghost to go away and get out of Macbeth’s site; he asks the ghost to stay in his grave, as the ghost has no marrow in his bones, and the ghost has cold blood; he says to the ghost that it’s staring at Macbeth with eyes that have no power to see
- Lady Macbeth tells everyone that what Macbeth is doing is nothing more than a strange habit and nothing more; she says it’s too bad that Macbeth’s “habit” is spoiling their night
- Macbeth says he’s as brave as any other man; he asks the ghost to come in the form of a rugged Russian bear, an armor-plated rhinoceros, and a tiger from Iran; he says the ghost can take any shape other than that of a ghost, and Macbeth will not tremble in fear
- he also adds to the ghost that it can come back to life to challenge Macbeth to a duel in a deserted place; he says if Macbeth trembles, the ghost can call him a baby girl
- he tells the ghost to get out of the room, as it’s just a hallucination
The Ghost vanishes.
- he says now that the ghost is gone, he’s a man again’ he asks his guests to remain seated
- Lady Macbeth says to Macbeth that Macbeth has ruined the good cheer and disrupted the gathering by making a spectacle of himself
- Macbeth asks everyone if a thing which just happened (hallucination) can make everyone so astonished
- he says to everyone that they make Macbeth feel like a stranger to his own nature
- Ross asks Macbeth what Macbeth sees
- Lady Macbeth says to Lennox to not speak with Macbeth, as Macbeth’s getting worse and worse; she says talk makes Macbeth crazy, and asks everyone to please leave right now, and not bother exiting in the order of their rank
- Lennox says good night, and hopes the king recovers soon
- Lady Macbeth says goodbye to everyone
Everyone leaves except Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.
- Macbeth says to his wife there’s an old saying that the dead will have their revenge—gravestones have been known to move, trees have been known to speak in order to bring guilty men to justice; he says the craftiest murderers have been exposed by the mystical signs made by crows and magpies (birds have given omens and signs to reveal the most secretive murderers)
- Macbeth asks his wife what time it is; Lady Macbeth says it’s almost morning, and wonders why Macbeth can’t tell whether it’s day or night
- Macbeth asks his wife what she thinks about the fact that Macduff refuses to come to Macbeth, when Macbeth commands him to come
- Lady Macbeth asks her husband if he sent for Macduff
- Macbeth says he hasn’t sent for him, but heard from people this is the case
- Macbeth says he’ll send for Macduff eventually, and says that in each of the lords’ households there is a servant paid to spy for Macbeth
- Macbeth says that while it’s still early tomorrow, he’ll go see the witches, and the witches will tell him more, and that Macbeth is determined to know the worst about what’s going to happen
- he says his safety is the only important thing right now; he’s determined to sacrifice everything for what he wants
- he says he’s walked so far into this river of blood that even if he stopped now, it would be as hard to go back to being good, as it would be to keep killing; he says he has some good schemes in his head that he’s planning to put into action
- Macbeth says he has to do put these plans into action, before he can think about them
- Lady Macbeth says Macbeth hasn’t slept
- Macbeth says he’ll go to sleep, and his strange self-delusions just come from inexperience; he says they’re just beginners when it comes to crime
Plot Events: The Witches meet again, and Hecate, the Witches’’ leader scolds them for speaking to Macbeth. Hecate orders them to meet her at another time, when Macbeth will come to ask for more knowledge.
The 3 witches are meeting Hecate on the moor. The night has thunder.
- First Witch asks Hecate what’s wrong, because she looks angry
- Hecate responds that she has a reason to be angry as the 3 witches are disobedient, as they gave Macbeth riddles and prophecies about his future without telling Hecate
- Hecate says she is their leader, and the source of their powers; she’s the one who secretly decides what evil things happen
- Hecate was angry because the 3 witches didn’t call her to join in and allow Hecate to show off her powers
- Hecate says she’s mad that the 3 witches gave prophecies to a man who behaves like a spoiled, brat that’s angry and hateful (Macbeth doesn’t love evil for its own sake, but loves it only for what it can do)
- she says like all spoiled people, he’ll chase after what he wants, without a care for the witches
- Hecate says the 3 witches can make it up to her—she tells them to go away and meet her in the morning by the pit by the Acheron (a river in the Greek underworld); she says Macbeth will go there to learn his destiny
- she tells the 3 witches to bring their cauldrons, spells, charms and everything else
- Hecate says she’s about to fly away, and spend the night working to make something horrible happen; she says she has a lot to do before noon
- she says an important droplet is hanging from the corner of the moon, and she has to catch it before it falls to the ground (it was believed that the moon shed a foam, with magical powers on various herbs)
- she says when she works it over with magic spells, the drop will produce magical spirits that’ll trick Macbeth with illusions
- she says Macbeth will be fooled into thinking he’s greater than fate; Macbeth will mock death, and he’ll think he’s above wisdom; she then tells the witches that overconfidence (which Macbeth will have) is man’s greatest enemy
- a song is sung (offstage); Hecate says she’s being called, and says to the witches to look at her little spirit sitting in a foggy cloud waiting for me
- First Witch tells the other witches that they should hurry, as Hecate will return soon
Plot Events: Lennox talks to another Lord, and reminds him of what has happened. Through the irony of the words, that Lennox and many others are suspicious of Macbeth. The Lord is able to give some information of Duncan’s sons and about Macduff as well.
Lennox and another Lord are in a room at Forres (the King’s castle).
- Duncan Lennox tells the Lord that what he’s about to say is what the Lord is thinking as well, and that the Lord’s own thoughts can work out the full meaning of what Lennox is saying
- Lennox says:
- Macbeth pitied Duncan, and Duncan died; Banquo went out walking late at night, and some say Fleance killed him because he fled the scene—men shouldn’t go out walking too late
- very monstrous for Malcolm and Donalbain to kill their father—it was a heinous crime, and it saddened Macbeth; wasn’t it loyal for Macbeth to kill the two servants right away, while they were drunk and still asleep—Macbeth did the right thing, because everyone would’ve been outraged to hear the servants deny the crime
- Lennox says Macbeth handled things well—if Macbeth had Duncan’s son in prison (which Lennox hopes doesn’t happen), the sons will find how awful the punishment for those who kill their fathers are; Lennox adds Fleance would also
- Lennox adds that hears Macbeth doesn’t like Macduff, because Macduff speaks his mind very plainly, and failed to show up at Macbeth’s feast; Lennox asks the Lord if he knows where Macduff is hiding
- Lord says that Malcolm whose birthright and throne Macbeth stole lives in the English court, where King Edward treats Malcolm very well (not deprived of respect)
- Lord says Macduff went to King Edward for help, and wants Edward to help him for an alliance with the people of Northumberland and their lord Siward; Macduff hopes that with their help and with that of God’s, peace may be restored in Scotland, and to free Scottish feasts and banquets of violent murders, and allow Scotland to properly pay respect to Duncan
- Lord says that Macbeth heard about what Macduff and Edward are doing, and Macbeth is preparing for war
- Lennox asks if Macbeth asked Macduff to return to Scotland; Lord says yes Macbeth has, but Macduff told the messenger he wouldn’t return
- the messenger scowled and rudely turned his back on Macduff, telling Macduff he’ll regret the day he refused to return (the messenger knew Macbeth was angry with messengers who brought bad news)
- Lennox says he hopes some holy angel should go to the court of England and give Macduff a message to tell Macduff to be cautious and keep as far from Macbeth as his wisdom can take him; Lennox adds that Macduff may soon return to resolve the suffering of Scotland under a cruel and oppressive king
- Lord says he sends his prayers