ENG1D – Grade 9 Academic English Exam Notes




alliteration: repetition of initial consonant sounds

allusion: references to well-known ideas/other works of literature/historical events

antagonist: character who opposes main character

dramatic irony: audience knows more than the character

first person: narrator in character in story

foreshadowing: hinting that something will happen

hyperbole: exaggeration

metaphor: direct comparison between two unlike things

irony: reversal of expectations

onomatopoeia: sound of word reflects its meaning

pathetic fallacy: human emotion is reflected in nature

personification: giving human qualities to inanimate objects.

protagonist: main character in story

simile: direct comparison of two unlike things using like or as

symbol: something that represents both itself and something else

tall tale: exaggerated story

theme: main idea of story; cannot be a sentence

third person limited: narrator only knows what character knows

third person omniscient: narrator knows everything


– plot, perspective/point of view, atmosphere/mood, character, conflict, theme and setting
– plot: rising action, inciting incident, climax, resolution, conclusion
– conflict: character vs. self, character vs. nature, character vs. character, character vs. society
– setting: time, place

– atmosphere: mood, sights, sounds



– A sentence that identifies the main position of the essay & previews the arguments that will be used to prove that position:
– tests ideas, develops arguments, guides reader

Dramatic Purpose:

– analyse out of plays for the following elements:
– plot/conflict
– setting/background information

– character: to reveal the nature of a person

– atmosphere and mood

– theme

– suspense (a state of anxious uncertainty)

– dramatic irony

– dramatic relief (to break tension after a particularly dramatic or tense scene)

– comic relief

– foreshadowing


Quotation Analysis:
– state why it’s important a number of times

– analyse for PPACTS