CHV2O Grade 10 Civics Exam

Courtesy of “Faiq Elahi” we have Grade 10 CHV2O1 Civics Exam Definitions Vocabulary Notes

Consensus: Group decision reached through discussion to which all members agree. (eg. Jury)

Rule of law: No government or person is above the law and society is governed by laws fair to all people.

Mediator: Help parties involved in a conflict negotiate a mutually agreeable solution. Must be third party.

Arbitrator: To decide or settle a dispute by a third party.

Political Patronage: Granting of political favours by the governing political parties.

Civil service: the permanent professional branches of a government’s administration.

Veto: A constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.

Politics: The activities associated with the governance of a country or other area.

Civics: The study of the rights and duties of citizenship.

Pluralistic: A condition or system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist.

Indictable offence: Person who commits it liable to be charged with a serious crime that warrants a trial by jury.

Citizenship: A legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized.

Executive: Having the power to put plans, actions, or laws into effect

Judicial: Of, by, or appropriate to a court or judge.

Senate: Any of various legislative or governing bodies, in particular.

Cabinet solidarity:

Political spectrum: An imaginary line that determines your political beliefs. Left or right.

Royal assent: When a new bill is passed royal assent is required to make it a law.

Reasonable limits:

Responsibilities: State or fact of having a duty to deal with something or of having control over someone.

Hearsay: Information received from other people that one cannot adequately substantiate.

Defendant: An individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law.

Holocaust: Mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–45. About 6 million European Jews killed.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights:

Communism: Leading to a society in which property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid the same.

Nuremburg Trials:

Terrorism: The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.

Global Citizen:

Multilateralism: Agreed upon or participated in by three or more parties.

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Achemical, biological or radioactive weapon capable of causing widespread death and destruction.

Millennium Development Goals:

Summary offense: Minor criminal offence, may be resolved in civil courts.

Bill 101: Language of majority of Quebec, as the only official language of Quebec and framing fundamental language rights for everyone in the province.

The official languages act:

The Clarity Act: Legislation passed by Canada that established conditions under which the Government of Canada would enter into negotiations that might lead to secession following such a vote by one of the provinces. Clear majority/question.

Multiculturalism: Several cultural or ethnic groups within a society.

Government: Governing body of a nation, state, or community.

MP: Member of parliament. Local representative who earns a seat in the house of commons.

Cabinet: Advisors selected by prime minister to run the departments or executive branches of government.

Caucus: Group of people with shared concerns within a political party or larger organization.

Party Platform: The promises made by political parties in order to represent what they will do for society if elected.

Authoritarian: Form of government where one person or small decision makes all decisions (Dictatorship).

Legislative: Branch of government that creates new laws.

Governor General: Appointed by the queen and is the representative of Canada’s monarch as head os state.

Backbenchers: Elected members of society parliament or legislature who are not government ministers or spokespersons.

Constituents: Being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect.

Interest/pressure groups: A group of people who share a common interest and persuade the government (eg.MADD).

Scrutineer: Representative at counting for the person running. Makes sure count is accurate.

Freedoms: Rights that do not impose a duty on the government (eg. Citizens can practice their own religions)

Adversarial system: System in which two or more sides have opposing interests and argue different positions.

Plaintiff: Person, or party who sues in a civil case.

Sovereignty Association: Independence with close economic ties to Canada.

Points system:

Humanitarian: Belief that all deserve to be treated with respect & dignity and that the well-being of of all man kinds is worthy.

Fascism: An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. (Extreme authoritarian view)

Genocide: Deliberate killing of a large group of people.

Global warming: Gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere due to greenhouse effect, carbon dioxide.

Foreign Policy: a policy governing international relations

Sustainability: Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.

Sanctions: Threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.

Geneva Conventions: International agreement governing status treatment of captured and wounded military.