Courtesy of “Faiq Elahi” we have Grade 10 CHV2O1 Civics Exam Definitions Vocabulary Notes
Consensus: Group decision reached through discussion to which all members agree. (eg. Jury)
Rule of law: No government or person is above the law and society is governed by laws fair to all people.
Mediator: Help parties involved in a conflict negotiate a mutually agreeable solution. Must be third party.
Arbitrator: To decide or settle a dispute by a third party.
Political Patronage: Granting of political favours by the governing political parties.
Civil service: the permanent professional branches of a government’s administration.
Veto: A constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.
Politics: The activities associated with the governance of a country or other area.
Civics: The study of the rights and duties of citizenship.
Pluralistic: A condition or system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist.
Indictable offence: Person who commits it liable to be charged with a serious crime that warrants a trial by jury.
Citizenship: A legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized.
Executive: Having the power to put plans, actions, or laws into effect
Judicial: Of, by, or appropriate to a court or judge.
Senate: Any of various legislative or governing bodies, in particular.
Political spectrum: An imaginary line that determines your political beliefs. Left or right.
Royal assent: When a new bill is passed royal assent is required to make it a law.
Responsibilities: State or fact of having a duty to deal with something or of having control over someone.
Hearsay: Information received from other people that one cannot adequately substantiate.
Defendant: An individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law.
Holocaust: Mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–45. About 6 million European Jews killed.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
Communism: Leading to a society in which property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid the same.
Terrorism: The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.
Multilateralism: Agreed upon or participated in by three or more parties.
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Achemical, biological or radioactive weapon capable of causing widespread death and destruction.
Millennium Development Goals:
Summary offense: Minor criminal offence, may be resolved in civil courts.
Bill 101: Language of majority of Quebec, as the only official language of Quebec and framing fundamental language rights for everyone in the province.
The official languages act:
The Clarity Act: Legislation passed by Canada that established conditions under which the Government of Canada would enter into negotiations that might lead to secession following such a vote by one of the provinces. Clear majority/question.
Multiculturalism: Several cultural or ethnic groups within a society.
Government: Governing body of a nation, state, or community.
MP: Member of parliament. Local representative who earns a seat in the house of commons.
Cabinet: Advisors selected by prime minister to run the departments or executive branches of government.
Caucus: Group of people with shared concerns within a political party or larger organization.
Party Platform: The promises made by political parties in order to represent what they will do for society if elected.
Authoritarian: Form of government where one person or small decision makes all decisions (Dictatorship).
Legislative: Branch of government that creates new laws.
Governor General: Appointed by the queen and is the representative of Canada’s monarch as head os state.
Backbenchers: Elected members of society parliament or legislature who are not government ministers or spokespersons.
Constituents: Being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect.
Interest/pressure groups: A group of people who share a common interest and persuade the government (eg.MADD).
Scrutineer: Representative at counting for the person running. Makes sure count is accurate.
Freedoms: Rights that do not impose a duty on the government (eg. Citizens can practice their own religions)
Adversarial system: System in which two or more sides have opposing interests and argue different positions.
Plaintiff: Person, or party who sues in a civil case.
Sovereignty Association: Independence with close economic ties to Canada.
Humanitarian: Belief that all deserve to be treated with respect & dignity and that the well-being of of all man kinds is worthy.
Fascism: An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. (Extreme authoritarian view)
Genocide: Deliberate killing of a large group of people.
Global warming: Gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere due to greenhouse effect, carbon dioxide.
Foreign Policy: a policy governing international relations
Sustainability: Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.
Sanctions: Threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
Geneva Conventions: International agreement governing status treatment of captured and wounded military.