CHC2D Grade 10 Academic History – 1920s Culture

 

  Description Significance
Music, Dancing and Entertainment -Jazz makes it big (white people adopt black music, break racial barriers)

-People go to Vaudeville theaters (acrobats, dancers etc.)

-Records and gramophones

-Dance lesson craze (Charleston, Blackbottom etc.)

-Mary Pickford = silent film star from Canada

-Stunts (dancing on car tops, contests)

-Movies and fashion shows

-Invented by slaves and later develops into Rock and Roll

-Took a while to be accepted as mainstream entertainment

 

-End of the waltz, beginning of individual and partner dances

-Traditional dances had new, closer steps

Technology -Everyone now has a radio (first broadcast by Marconi in 1901)

-Cars for women with no crank, could fold and unfold

-Motion picture technology = very popular

-Scooters, helicopters, automatic ploughs

-Globe + Mail merge in 1923 to create G&M

-Rubber tires

-Vacuums

-Deep sea diving now possible, though risky

-Unifies the country; everyone hearing same thing at same time

-First Canadian station: XWA

-Showed advances in women’s rights

-Silent films

 

-Better cars

-Good for people with servants (faster chores get done= better)

-Many people drowned due to kink in tube etc.

 

Sports

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Huge swimming and synchro craze (many people taking actual lessons now)

-Organized professional sports (hockey, basketball, football, car racing)

-Beginning of Hockey Night in Canada with Foster Hewitt

 

 

 

-Women’s swimsuits considered “risqué” and showy for time

-Sports for women (hokey, figure skating)

-“He shoots, he scores”

 

 

Fashion -Women trying to gain acceptance; dressed more like boys (short hair, straight cut clothes, no waist, bust, hips etc.)

-Beginning of  desire for skinny women ( no more corsets)

-Dresses and coats mid-calf and straight down

-People still dressed formally with hats (men and women)

-No hoop skirts -> get closer while dancing

-Glittery/feathery sheaths + unbuckled garters = flapper style

-Lots of fur

-Crowns and jewels

-Changed women’s relationship with the world

-Women showing more leg

-Women unbuckled garters which “flapped”

  Description Significance
Women -Women now graduating from university

-Now smoking and socializing with men

-Getting very interested in politics and the workforce

-Now gaining independence

-Being accepted by men

Miscellaneous -People now buying things (appliances, clothes, stocks) on credit/margin

-Lots of contests (dancing, talent shows etc.)

-Return of Greco-Roman architecture

-Exploration is big everywhere (Mt. Everest etc.)

-Dawn of Consumerism

People not afraid of anything after WWI

-People thought it looked grand

-People desperate to find “clean”/beautiful places untouched by WWI

-Also not afraid of death (most men faced death lots during war)

Important People From the 1920’s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Mary Pickford: a Canadian silent film/Hollywood star

-J.S. Woodsworth: pro-strikers journalist who printed a paper for Winnipeg General Strike

-Fred Dickson: journalist arrested for pro-striker views

-Famous/Alberta Five: five women (Irene Parlby, Emily Murphy, Nellie McClung, Louise Mckinney, Henrietta Edwards) who fought for women’s rights in Canada. They made the Person’s Case

-William Lyon Mackenzie King: Federal Liberal Leader and Canadian PM from 1921-1930

-Arthur Meighen: official opposition leader (Conservative) during King’s terms in office

-Foster Hewitt: “He shoots, he scores!” sportscaster who was the first announcer on Hockey Night in Canada

-W.C. Goode: founded the United Farmers of Ontario (UFO)

-United Farmers: provincial, eventually national party that stood up for fair treatment of Canada’s farmers

-Gugliemo Marconi: sent the first long-distance radio broadcast from England to Newfoundland in 1901

-Reginald Fessenden: “True father”/inventor of the radio as an invention